Preview only show first 10 pages with watermark. For full document please download

Melecio Domingo Vs. Sps Molina

Case Digest




MELECIO DOMINGO vs. SPOUSES GENARO MOLINA and ELENA B. MOLINA, substituted by ESTER MOLINA G.R. .R. NO. NO. 2002 200274 74 Promu romulg lgat ated ed:: Apr April il 20, 20, 201 2016 6 This is a petitio !or re"ie# o $ertiorari !iled %& the petitioer 'ele$io (omigo assailig the  August ), ), 2011 2011 de$isio de$isio ad ad *auar& *auar& 10, 2012 2012 resolutio resolutio o! the +ourt o! Appeals. Appeals. FACT FACTS S O *ue 1, 1)1, 1)1, the spous spouses es Anasta! Anasta!i" i" and F#"$a F#"$a D"%in&" D"%in&"   %ought a propert& i +amilig, Tarla$, $osistig o! a "ne'(a#) undivided *"$ti"n o"er *"$ti"n  o"er a 1-, 164 suare meter par$el o!  lad #hi$h #as aotated o the Origial +erti!i$ate o! Title /O+T No. 164.  Aasta$io has has %ee %orro#ig moe& moe& !rom the respodet respodet spouses spouses Gena$" and E#ena M"#ina all throughout his li!e. Te &ears a!ter the death o! lora i 1)7-, Aasta$io sold his iterest o"er the lad to the spouses 'olia to as#er !or his de%ts. 3t #as registered uder Tras!er Tras!er +erti!i$ate o! Title /T+T No. 272)677 ad the enti$e "ne'(a#) undivided *"$ti"n ") t(e #and +as t$ans)e$$ed t" t(e t(e%. Oe o! the $hildre $hildre  o! Aasta Aasta$io $io ad lora lora !iled !iled a C"%*#aint )"$ Annu#%ent ") Tit#e and Re!"ve$y ") O+ne$s(i* agaist the spouses 'olia #he he leared o! the tras!er o 'a& 17, 1))). 'ele$io $laims that it is ol& to ser"e as !"##ate$a# )"$ t(e %"ney that %"ney  that his !ather has %orro#ed. e alleges that Anasta!i" !"u#d n"t (ave va#id#y s"#d t(e inte$est  o"er the su%5e$t propert& +it("ut F#"$as !"nsent, !"nsent , as she #as alread& dead at the time o! the sale. The spouses 'olia asserted that Aasta$io su$$ende$ed t(e tit#e t" t(e sub-e!t *$"*e$ty t" ans+e$ )"$ (is debts ad ad told them them that that the& the& a#$eady "+n (a#) ") t(e #and . The& ha"e %ee i *"ssessi"n ") t(e sub-e!t *$"*e$ty be)"$e t(e tit#e +as $e&iste$ed unde$ t(ei$ na%es  ad ha"e religiousl& paid the propert&s real estate taes. The adopted so o! the spouses 'olia, +orelio 'olia, su%stituted them #he the& died durig the pede$& o! the $ase. The Regioal Trial +ourt /RT+ dismissed the $ase %e$ause Me#e!i" )ai#ed t" estab#is( (is !#ai% t(at (is )at(e$ did n"t se## t(e *$"*e$ty t" t(e s*"uses M"#ina  $osiderig that Aasta$io $ould dispose o! $o5ugal propert& to as#er !or $o5ugal lia%ilities. urthermore, it deied 'ele$ios motio !or re$osideratio o! the RT+ rulig ad so he pro$eeded #ith his appeal to the +A. The CA a))i$%ed t(e RTC $u#in& in t"t" . 3t held that 'ele$io )ai#ed t" *$"ve by *$e*"nde$ant eviden!e t(at t(e$e +as )$aud   i the $o"e&a$e o! the propert& to the spouses 'olia. 3t ga"e $rede$ $rede$e e to the O+T aotati aotatio o o! the disputed disputed propert& propert& sale. 3t also held that F#"$as deat( is i%%ate$ia# %e$ause i%%ate$ia#  %e$ause Aasta$io ol& sold his rights o"er the lot to the spouses 'olia, e$ludig loras iterest. iall&, the +A held that 'ele$ios a$tio has pres$ri%ed %e$ause he !ailed to !ile the a$tio #ithi oe &ear a!ter etr& o! the de$ree o! registratio. ISSUES 1. 8hether or ot the sale o! a $o5ugal propert& to the spouses 'olia #ithout loras $oset is "alid ad legal9 ad 2. 8hether or ot !raud atteded the tras!er o! the su%5e$t propert& to the spouses 'olia. RULING The upreme +ourt deied the petitio. 'ele$io argues that the sale o! the disputed propert& to the spouses 'olia is "oid #ithout loras $oset. o#e"er, this argumet is umeritorious.  Aasta$io ad lora (omigo %a$$ied be)"$e t(e Fa%i#y C"des e))e!tivity   #hi$h #as o  August , 1)-1)-- ad so their *$"*e$ty $e#ati"n is a !"n-u&a# *a$tne$s(i* *a$tne$s(i*.. 3t dissol"ed #he lora died i 1)6-, pursuat to o# Arti$le 126 /1 o! the amil& +ode. T(e (ei$s ") F#"$a F#"$a +e$e +e$e &"ve$n &"ve$ned ed by a i%*#ied i%*#ied !"'"+ne$ !"'"+ne$s(i* s(i* a%"n& a%"n& t(e !"n-u&a# !"n-u&a# *$"*e$ties  *$"*e$ties   pedig liuidatio ad partitio. This #ill also i$lude Aasta$io #ith respe$t to loras share o! the $o5ugal partership. partership. Aasta$io Aasta$io %eig a $o;o#er, $aot $laim title to a& spe$i!i$ portio o! the $o5uga $o5ugall propertie properties s #ithout #ithout ha"ig doe a a!tua# *a$titi"n !irst, *a$titi"n  !irst, either %& agreemet or %&  5udi$ial de$ree. O the other had , Anasta!i" Anasta!i" "+ns "ne'(a#) ") t(e "$i&ina# !"n-u&a# *a$tne$s(i* *$"*e$ties as (is s(a$e, s(a$e , %ut this is a undivided inte$est. As a !"nseuen!e, (e (ad t(e $i&(t t" )$ee#y se## and dis*"se (is undivided inte$est in t(e sub-e!t *$"*e$ty. The s*"u s*"use ses s M"#i M"#ina na be!a be!a%e %e !"'" !"'"+n +ne$ e$s s ") t(e t(e subsub-e! e!tt *$"* *$"*e$ e$ty ty t" t(e t(e e/te e/tent nt ")  Anasta!i"s Anasta!i"s inte$est. inte$est. Aasta$tios sale to the spouses 'olia #ithout the $oset o! the other $o; o#ers #as n"t t"ta##y v"id, v"id , !or his rights or a portio thereo! #ere there%& e!!e$ti"el& tras!erred. The spouses 'olia #ould %e a trustee !or the %ee!it o! the $o;heirs o! Aasta$io i respe$t o! a& portio that might %elog to the $o;heirs a!ter liuidatio ad partitio. 'ele$ios re$ourse as a $o;o#er o! the $o5ugal properties is a a$tio !or PART3T3ON PART3T3ON uder Rule 6) o! the Re"ised Rules o! +ourt. O the issue issue o! !raud !raud,, the lo#er lo#er $ourt $ourts s !ou !oud d that that there there #as n" )$aud in t(e sa#e ") t(e dis*uted *$"*e$ty to *$"*e$ty to the spouses 'olia. The otaris registered title o"er the su%5e$t propert&. 8?R?OR?, #e here%& ([email protected] the petitio !or re"ie# o $ertiorari. The de$isio dated August ), 2011 o! the +ourt o! Appeals i +A;G.R. + No. )4160 is A3R'?(.